Standardization and Regulations (WP7)
This work package focuses on the identification of gaps and barriers in the current regulatory framework.
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Current regulatory framework and standardization
This study addresses requirements for the design, installation, and operation of a hyper-power charger for electric vessels in a realistic port environment. Based on the results of the market study in D1.2, it was determined that most electric vessels operate in Europe; therefore, the requirements are mainly defined for European port locations. The ports of Valencia in Spain and Norddeich and Norderney in northern Germany are specifically studied as use cases for the HYPOBATT project.
Although there are no specific requirements for the installation and operation of hyper-power chargers, a major conclusion is that requirements from similar (electrical) applications can be used for many aspects. These requirements are usually specific to the site, but are often based on underlying international standards and regulations (as defined in D1.1).
The power requirements for hyper-power chargers are high and are not always met by the port's electrical grid. A connection to the main distribution grid is required, or alternatively, local power generation and energy storage in the form of a smart microgrid may be a solution. This means that power availability and other aspects of the power grid must be assessed for each facility.
The maritime environment and a variety of other weather and air pollution conditions must be considered to protect the facilities. In addition, ports can be located in an industrial environment with heavy transport equipment and industrial air pollution, as well as in an urban environment (e.g., city ferries) with additional requirements for noise emission levels.
For port battery system security and cybersecurity requirements, design and installation can be based in part on standards and regulations, but a risk-based approach is still required.